Type of Weapon: Siege engine
Origin: 12th century China
Weight: 350 kg – 4,000 kg
Point-blank range: 420 m
Elevated range: 2,420 m
Projectile velocity: 950 km/h
Uses: Artillery damage against fortifications or attacking armies
History: Gunpowder invented in China, spread to Europe by 14th century
Considered a weapon of mass destruction by medieval standards, the cannon is powered by gunpowder.
Considered a weapon of mass destruction by medieval standards, the cannon is powered by gunpowder, and is capable of shooting projectiles faster and more often than the trebuchet.
Many castles were built prior to the advent of cannons and so lacked the defenses to properly defend against it. When cannons became more prevalent, castle walls were modified to use them to fire out at an invading army.
Cannon range and velocity can vary greatly with size, characteristics of projectile, mixing of gunpowder, etc. Figures based on approximations of a mid-sized cannon.