Edward I


Edward built the Iron Ring of castles in northern Wales. He was at Conwy Castle when Welsh forces attacked during the rebellion of 1294-95.

National Affiliation: England
Occupation: King of England
Allies: James of Saint George, Hubert de Burgh
Enemies: Madog ap Llywelyn, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, Dafydd ap Gruffydd
Castles: Conwy Castle
Personality: Imposing, Fervent, Fiery

Edward Longshanks, son of Henry III and grandson of John I, ruled England from 1272 and 1307. His popular depiction in such films as Braveheart and The Bruce was not far off of the mark: even his contemporaries noted that Edward was a zealous, imposing man, easy to anger and intimidating with his 6’2’’ frame. His drive resulted in frequent rebellions in Scotland and Wales.

Many historians have also noted Edward’s more popular reforms. He stabilized the monarchy after Henry III’s tumultuous rule. Parliament became a permanent fixture during this time. Edward even ruled by statute rather than by edict, creating a model for governance that served as the basis for monarchic power in England until the dissolution of power under Queen Victoria.

Edward built the Iron Ring of castles in northern Wales. He was at Conwy Castle when Welsh forces attacked during the rebellion of 1294-95.