Perrier


Type of Weapon: Siege engine
Origin: Ancient China
Operating crew: 6 people
Range: 110 m
Projectile weight: 5 kg
Uses: Inflicting damage to castle walls or attackers
History: Perriers were made in many different forms and sizes

 

The perrier works on the principle of counterpoise, with a stone missile propelled from a sling. In this case, the arm is swung by human muscle power rather than by a heavy counterweight.

Like the trebuchet, the perrier works on the principle of counterpoise, with a stone missile propelled from a sling. In this case, the arm is swung by human muscle power rather than by a heavy counterweight.

Counterpoise engines were first developed 5,000 years ago in China. Their use spread to the west during the Crusader wars of the 12th century. Perriers are lighter and more easily transportable than other stone-throwing engines and were thus useful to attackers and defenders alike.

Perrier weight, range, and projectile weight can vary greatly. Perriers are also sometimes referred to as traction trebuchets. Figures and naming convention based on Caerphilly Castle perrier fired by host Dan Snow in Battle Castle: Dover. Siege engine is a replica designed for longevity and educational purposes, so range and projectile weight are lower than medieval siege engines. Statistics provided by Peter Humphries, former interpretation manager for Cadw.