Richard I


 

Richard I, popularly known as Richard the Lionheart, was responsible for the construction of Chateau Gaillard.

 

National Affiliation: England
Occupation: King of England; Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine, Gascony; Count of Anjou, Maine, Nantes; Lord of Cyprus
Allies: Roger de Lacy
Enemies: Henry II, John I, Philip II
Castles: Chateau Gaillard
Personality: Surly, Ambitious, Overconfident, Pious

Richard I, popularly known as Richard the Lionheart, was King of England in the late 12th Century. His claim of Aquitaine (through his mother, Eleanor) brought him into conflict with France.

Richard fought in the Third Crusade, where he enjoyed modest success before being imprisoned and ransomed by Leopold V, Duke of Austria. Richard finally returned to his kingdom in 1194 after an emergency tax raised a payment of 150,000 marks.

Though loved in his native France, he spoke little English and considered Aquitaine his true seat of power. He was responsible for the construction of numerous castles in and around that region, including Chateau Gaillard.